Mold allergy is a health condition wherein a person’s immune system reacts excessively when the body inhales mold spores. This overreaction can start off a host of reactions that result to symptoms of allergies. Molds are minute fungi that survive in most places, whether indoor or outdoor. These organisms are capable of breaking down dead substances and send the nutrients back to the environment. They typically feed on plant or animal matter, leaves, paper, wood or food. They typically spread through the release of tiny weightless spores that float in the air. These little creatures grow fast in moist, dark areas.
Symptoms Of Mold Allergy
Just about everyone inhaled mold spores scattered in the air. But some people become allergic when they breathe in these tiny creatures. Symptoms may vary from one individual to the next and can range from mild to severe. They can also occur all year round or only during particular months of the year. Many people notice the occurrence of symptoms during damp weather or when in places that have thick mold presence.
The usual mold allergy symptoms include:
- Stuffy, runny nose
- Nasal congestion
- Watery eyes
- Itchy eyes, nose and lips
- Postnasal drip
- Skin rashes or hives
People with asthma may experience asthma symptoms when exposed to mold spores, with some having intense asthma attack. The asthma symptoms will typically include:
- Shortness of breath
- Tightness in the chest
Mold Allergy Treatment Options
Mold allergies treatment methods are varied. The most effective way would be to avoid being exposed to the mold spores that cause the allergic reactions. But because mold is common and can be found practically anywhere, it would be hard to avoid them entirely. To date, a sure way to completely cure a mold allergy is still to be discovered. But there are some medications that help minimize the symptoms of mold allergies.
Nasal corticosteriods. These nasal sprays work by preventing and treating the irritation caused by mold allergies. These are the most commonly prescribed medications since they are the most effective ones.
Antihistamines. Prescription antihistamines are over-the-counter or prescription medications that relieve itching, sneezing, and runny nose by blocking histamines that are usually released by the body during an allergic reaction.
Immunotherapy. This entails a series of allergy shots that remove a number of allergies, but may provide moderate results only when applied to people with mold allergies.
Nasal lavage. This requires rinsing the nose with salt water using an over-the-counter saline solution or a homemade one.
Although mold allergy cannot be totally avoided, there are ways of keeping mold allergy symptoms to a minimum. It can be done through effective mold allergy treatment methods aimed at easing suffering through intake of the proper medications. However, one needs to be entirely sure first that he is indeed suffering from an allergy caused by molds. This is typically done through skin prick testing and blood testing.